Tag Archives: analog

Audio Control Unit

Developed and built for the Tsai Art and Science Foundation, this ACU is an updated version of Tsai’s original design which takes audio input from a microphone and translates it into a control voltage that precisely modulates the frequency of a strobe light synchronized to the RPM of the motor driving a kinetic sculptures.


An original analog ACU Left, Arduino/analog hybrid Right

After analyzing the original analog CMOS circuits, I developed a hybrid design that employs the same analog input and output stages, but uses an arduino to handle the analysis and timing stages of the circuit for improved range and stability.



Inside the hybrid ACU

Like Tsai’s originals, this version has it’s power supply built in, 1/4″ jacks for the microphone input (which bypasses the built-in microphone) and strobe output, two trimpots for fine adjustment and a large knob for microphone sensitivity.


Hybrid ACU


Amplified Snare Drum

amplifiedsnareinside    amplifiedsnareoutside

A custom microphone installation into Michael Evans’ amplified snare drum.  The microphone can be fed back into the internal speakers through the resonating skins and combined with contact microphones for a wide range of sounds that can be manually manipulated.

Electromagnetic Oscillator


After trying and trying to come up with a bow wheel that could maintain effective friction on a surface while isolating the noise of the motor and mechanics from the acoustic resonating chamber, I decided to investigate making an electromagnetic bowing device, like the E-bow. Pictured above is the prototype for such a device. A physical oscillator. There are two coils around AlNiCo (Aluminum Nickel Cobalt alloy) magnetic poles, one a pickup and the other a driver. These are wired to the input and output of an audio amplifier IC and fed back into one another through the spring steel tongue (pictured here with a piezo element under it’s bridge terminating at the 1/4” jack). A digital potentiometer regulates the amount of voltage driving the circuit for dynamic control. Staccato articulation can be achieved by instantly reversing the electrical polarity of the driver to stop the vibration. The gain of the audio amplifier goes quite high, all the way to the 12V rail supplying it and reads as a square wave on a scope even at low gain settings. Because the steel tongue, like a speaker cone in a back-feeding guitar amplifier, is physically unable to jump to the +/- DC poles and has to ‘slide’ to them, a near-perfect sine wave results.